‘Atiqot 68 (2011)
Temple Furniture from a Favissa at ‘En Hazeva
Keywords: religion, Judea, Edom, art, epigraphy, cult
The finds from the favissa at ‘En Hazeva represent a cultic assemblage that had been used in a temple that existed at the site at the end of the Iron Age and was intentionally buried. The objects retrieved from the favissa included anthropomorphic statues, cylindrical stands, bowls, goblets, tripod cups, pomegranate-shaped pendants, stone altars and a stone human statue. The cultic vessels are well-grounded in the religious iconography of the Ancient Near East in general and the Levant in particular. These finds resemble those from Horbat Qitmit, where they were defined as Edomite. However, no indication of the deity worshipped at the temple or any particular religious affinity could be established from the finds at ‘En Hazeva.
The Cultic Assemblage from ‘En Hazeva: The Restoration Process
Keywords: pottery, cult, technology
This article describes the restoration process of the cultic vessels recovered from the Favissa at ‘En Hazeva. The objects were broken into very small pieces, which made their mending a challenging task. At the end of the restoration process, 70 clay vessels and objects were restored; most had a complete profile. It was evident that several vessel groups were made of the same batch of clay and fired under similar conditions, perhaps even made by the same potter. This may suggest that there was a functional affinity between the vessels and that they were most likely used together.
Provenance of the Clay Artifacts from the Favissa at ‘En Hazeva
Keywords: petrography, geology, production center
The cultic objects from the Favissa at ‘En Hazeva were examined petrographically to determine their origin. The analysis aimed at aiding in assessing whether the vessels were manufactured locally, in the ‘En Hazeva region, or were imported from Edom. The data retrieved was checked against other petrographic studies of ‘Edomite pottery’ in the region, from the Arava, the Negev and Jordan.
The Inscription from ‘En Hazeva
Keywords: epigraphy, Edom, Moab, Hebrew, language
Remnants of at least two lines of text were traced on one of the narrow sides of a stone figure from ‘En Hazeva. The script seems to be Aramaic, but the geographical context points to the possibility that the script may be Edomite.
‘Atiqot 69 (2012)
The Early Bronze Age IV Site at Sha‘ar Ha-Golan
(with a contribution by Steven A. Rosen)
Keywords: Neolithic period, Intermediate Bronze Age, non-urban planning, groundstones, grinding stones, flint, chipped stone
Excavations undertaken in two separate areas (100, 200) at Sha‘ar Ha-Golan, revealed the remains of domestic structures dating to Early Bronze Age IV. These represent the remains of a single-stratum rural settlement that extended over some 200 dunams, one of the largest settlements of this period that have been exposed so far in the country. The structures are multi-roomed rectilinear buildings, with dwelling units comprising three or more rooms. The plans of the buildings are not unified; most of them have a large central broadroom, its roof sometimes supported by columns, which stood on stone bases. Additional elements, such as benches along the walls and stone mortars sunk into the floors, point to a relationship with earlier architectural traditions in the southern Levant during the third millennium BCE. The pottery from Sha‘ar Ha-Golan was attributed to Dever’s Family NC, and includes storage jars, cooking pots, kraters and bowls. The pottery types indicate that food storage was a major priority, clearly expressing the sedentary nature of the settlement. The model of an unfortified rural settlement dispersed over a wide area attests to the drastic changes that took place in the fabric of society following the disappearance of the earlier urban culture.
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